ďPeople are always predicting the death of short fiction, but there are still too many things you can do with the short story that you canít do with any other form, so Iím not worried about it. The last two years have been great for anthologies. It does get harder and harder commercially, but it hasnít been the money for a long time there are always the small presses. As for the effect of the Internet, a number of people are canceling their subscriptions to the print edition of F&SF and only subscribing to the electronic edition now. Thatís fine with me. There will always be a niche for both, at least in my lifetime. I have a cousin whoís 14 and goes to a big public school in the Chicago area. I asked him how many kids carry around Palm Pilots and read off of them, and he said, ĎOnly the geekiest.í Thirty years ago, those were the kids who carried around science fiction paperbacks in their back pockets. So I do think weíll be seeing more and more publications coming out in electronic format first.
ďI donít know that I would ever accept the magazine appearing only in electronic format. I still believe something of the kinesthetic value is lost if you donít have a physical object and actually turn pages. Thereís something in the process there that goes from the hand to the brain that canít be measured. Not that the medium is the message, but I think if the written story didnít work it would be gone by now film would have supplanted it within the 20th century. Itís also true in the writing process. Look at how many writers still write by hand, and then transcribe it into their computers.Ē
ďThere are so many kinds of science fiction now, itís hard to put them all under one umbrella. You really start to question what it means, and does the center hold? Thatís one of the main functions of the magazines, to serve as that center. Years ago, David Hartwell told me that as an editor he used to preach less but as heís gotten older heís found it more important to take a strong stand on something. In theory, thatís how it should work; thatís why Iím heading more that way, starting to do more and more of it. Certainly in the back of my mind there are messages I favor more than others. I donít like complete downers where everything is doomed and there isnít even one ray of hope, itís all just going to end in disaster. We donít need to read that. (On the other hand, I still run a lot of horror. By now itís a genre with its own conventions, and I like what itís accomplishing.)Ē
ďAfter Kris Rusch left F&SF in 1996, Ed Ferman contacted me about the job. We had worked together on the Best of F&SF anthologies, and thatís how he knew me. Kris told me Ed believed the ideal age to become editor was about 30, so I fit that bill. Ed was about that age when he started, and Kris was that age when she took over. For one thing, younger people will accept smaller paychecks. And when theyíre older theyíre not as malleable.
ĎĎLeslie Howle was just on my case this morning about my own writing. She actually read what I wrote at Clarion, and she said I could fool other people and get away with this ĎOh, thatís behind meí stuff. But when I interviewed with Ed for the job, his first question was basically, ĎDo you want to be a writer?í and I said, ĎNo, there are things I want to write but I donít want to be a writer. Itís an awful way to make a living. I envy people who can do it and enjoy doing it, but itís not the life for me.í Ed sort of breathed a sigh of relief and told me, ĎThe main thing Iíve been looking for in an editor is someone whoís not a writer first and an editor second. We did that with Avram Davidson and Kris Rusch, and whenever we do that they eventually get more interested in their own writing and they canít balance the two.íĒ
ďI hesitate when Iím asked to define the distinctions between genres, because what has always appealed to me about F&SF is that I donít have to come up with these definitions. I always think of the magazine as being founded on the principle that it doesnít matter whether itís fantasy or science fiction, as long as itís a good story. Thatís one of the foundations of the magazine and it threatens to be its own downfall. Thatís exactly the problem Iím describing with all the science fiction thatís indistinguishable from fantasy. For 50 years, weíve said, ĎItís more important to be a good story than to define what genre camp youíre in.í I worry that the effect is getting muted as a result of that. But then I go back on myself. Recently I bought a story thatís basically mainstream but cuts so directly to the heart of what science fiction is all about that Iím running it anyway. Itís all about the possibilities of how science fiction can transcend reality, but the character doesnít transcend reality.
ĎĎScience fiction will never be accepted fully by the mainstream and it shouldnít be, because if it is, itís doing something wrong. In commercial fiction, most of what the books are doing is reinforcing your worldview. Science fiction has at its core the scientific process, which is in itself a religion. You have to make a leap of faith in believing that you can understand everything. That core assumption is what defines science fiction now, more than a lot of the space ships, time travel things that we call the trappings. It is that approach to problem solving, that sense of being able to apply scientific methods and not coming out with the reassurance that everything is the way it has always been or that order will be reestablished. Science fiction can let anything loose on the world, and itís a completely different world by the end of it. There isnít that comfortable reassurance. That has always scared off a lot of readers.Ē